The aim of Family Therapy is to help family members find ways to help each other, whether the issue is believed to be an individual issue or whether it is believed to be a family issue. Family relationships are considered to be an important factor in the emotional health of each member within that family, and this approach to counselling emphasises that.
Being actively involved in the sessions, families’ can all participate in moving forward together, and a family therapist can encourage the support of this system of interaction. Although the sessions are usually with family groups, family therapists can also work with members of the family on an individual basis if appropriate.
Family therapists are experienced in a wide range of areas, including parenting issues, child and adolescent behaviour, divorce and separation, adult mental health and changes in family life.
Art therapists encourage clients to communicate via their art and then take time to work with the meaning that can be found within it. Often, clients seeing art therapists have lost touch with their feelings and how to express themselves verbally, and can be emotionally blocked. Art therapists provide a secure environment in which these emotions can find a creative way of being expressed.
Clients do not need to have any previous experience or skill in art; the important part of the process is the art itself provides a form of communication. Art therapists have a deep understanding of art processes, which is supported by their knowledge of therapeutic practice.
EMDR uses an eight-phase approach to address the past, present, and future aspects of a stored memory. During this process, the client recalls the distressing memory, while simultaneously focusing on moving their eyes side to side following the therapist’s fingers. Although eye movements from side to side are most commonly used, a therapist may also use hand-tapping or auditory tones depending on the needs of the client. A client will then be asked to allow their mind to go blank and see what other memories appear; this memory usually becomes the next focus to work on in the same way. This process is repeated many times during the session.
During this whole process, the memories seem to lose their intensity. The effect is similar to that which naturally occurs during REM (Rapid Eye Movement) sleep when eyes move from side to side rapidly. Clients are then asked to focus on a positive belief, while focusing on the memory, and on the eye movements.
Integrative counsellors can draw on and blend the different types of behavioural therapies, psychoanalytical and psychodynamic therapies and humanistic therapies, and the clients issue is dealt with systematically, as it would be if only one type of therapy were being used.
Integrative counselling allows the counsellor to explore an issue from a variety of distinct theoretical perspectives and use concepts and techniques from each.